Top 10 Indigenous Cow Breed in India

Nowadays, there are two kinds of cow breeds available that produce milk. Initial is an indigenous cow breed, and the other is a foreign breed. The indigenous cow breed is recognized for providing A2 milk, and these cows are also known as desi cows. However, foreign cow breeds are also known as HF cows.

What is Indigenous Cow Breeds?

It is a fact that HF cow breeds are known for producing quantity milk as compared to quality milk of indigenous cow breeds. But the recent research shows that milk churned from the desi cows are healthy for humans as compared to HF cows. Moreover, indigenous cow breed churns milk, which is free from every chemical and preservatives. Thus, dairy products of the indigenous cows are produced from the social and spiritual benefit of humans.

Different Types of Indigenous Cow Breed

Type #1: Gir Cow

The Gir breeds are also known as Bhadawari, Gujarati, Sorthi, and Surati. They can be recognized via their longhorn, which is curved and humps on their back. The color of Gir cow is dark red, brown or sometimes wholly red. The average weight of Gir cows is 385 kgs, and their height is around 130cm. These cows remain calm and enjoy the company of humans. The milk produced by them ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation. Majorly, these cows are known for disease resistance and hardiness. Moreover, they are popular as they can tolerate extreme stress and tropical diseases.

Type #2: Red Sindhi

The Red Sindhi cow breed is also known as Sindhi and Mahi. The color of these cows is red with their shades from dark red to light. However, the milk produced ranges from 1100-2600 kgs. These cows are widely known for crossbreeding programs. The weight of the female breed is 295 kgs and the male breed is 450kgs. Red Sindhi cows have moderate dropping ears, pendulous dewlap, heavy hump, and sheath.

Type #3: Hariana Cow

These cow breeds are indigenous breed majorly found in Rohtak, Gurgaon, Hisar, and other areas of Haryana. The horns of this cow breeds are minute, and farmers can produce approx 600 to 800 kg of milk per lactation. The Hariana breeds are famous for producing A2 milk, which contains A2 beta-casein protein. Moreover, this cow breed can resist high temperature and contains only 5% fat.

Type #4: Indigenous Cow Breed: Rathi

These cow breeds are also recognized as the Rath. The Rathi cow breeds are mainly found in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. Moreover, they can also be found around the Bikaner district. The Rathi cow breeds are medium-sized dual-purpose cattle, which can yield 1200 kg of milk per lactation. They can be adopted for road work and heavy plowing.

Type #5: Sahiwal

These Indian breed cattle are recognized for producing A2 milk. Thus, the reason for its popularity is that these cows are efficient in producing milk. Moreover, the milk of Sahiwal contains healthy fat. Additionally, these cows are known as Montgomery, lamb bar, and Teli. Milk churned from these cows contains around 5-6% fat also has A2 beta-casein protein. Milk obtained from Sahiwal breed can cure various diseases such as cholesterol, heart diseases, and diabetes. The Sahiwal is pale red in color.

Type #6: Indigenous Cow Breed: Kapila

Kapila is the best cow’s breeds of the world and native breeds of Southern Karnataka. They are recognized mainly for their small size as well as refined elegance. Additionally, they are known for producing A2 cows and other dairy products. The milk of these cows is highly nutritious and pure. There has been a high demand for this cow milk. Moreover, the milk of these cows can prevent Type-1 diabetes. The milk of these cows is best for the kids as it contains colostrums, which are found in mother’s milk.

Type #7: Tharparkar

The tharparkar cow breeds are found mainly in the south-east of Sind, Amarkot, and Chor. These cows are medium-sized, stiff limbs, and the forehead is convex with medium-sized horns. Their dewlaps are moderately developed with a straight and long back. These cattle are also known as Gray Sindhi, Thari, and White Sindhi. The color of these cattle is white or light grey, and they are suitable for plowing and can yield 1800-2600 kg of milk per lactation. 

Type #8: Indigenous Cow Breed: Kankrej

They are also known as Waged, wadhiar, or wadad. They are originated in the region of Rajasthan. Moreover, they are the most substantial cow breeds available in India. The color of these cows ranges from silver grey, steel black, or iron grey. However, the horns of these cows are lyre-shaped and are valued for the powerful, fast, and draught cattle. These cow breeds can be used for carting and plowing. The cows produced quality and quantity milk about 1400 kgs per lactation.

Type #9: Krishna Valley

These cows are originated from black soil of water. These animals are large and have a vast frame with deep. Their tail is long and can reach the ground. The color of this cow is grey-white with some dark shade. Moreover, these cows are fair milkers and can yield around 916 kgs per lactation.

Type #10: Ongole

They are also known as Nellore. These breeds are majorly found in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. Moreover, milk yield can be around 1000 kgs.

Why Consume the Milk of Desi Cows?

Indigenous cow’s breeds are the kind of cattle whose products are churned for spiritual and social betterment. Well there several benefits of consuming the milk of desi cows, main are that it contains amino acid such as proline. This proline is mixed with isoleucine, which is best to fight several diseases like asthma, mental disorder, joint pain, and obesity. Moreover, these indigenous breed cows contain hump, which is known to absorb Vitamin D from the rays of the sun.


I hope, this blog has helped you to get aware of the indigenous breed cow available in India. These cows are known for producing A2 milk. So, if you want the best A2 milk to remain healthy then, buy it from DesiMoo and get it delivered at your doorstep.