How to pasteurize milk

Raw Milk – How Safe It is Actually & How to Pasteurize Milk at Home?

Drinking raw milk is unsafe. Milk has a lot of bacterias that can cause disease. Some of the bacterias in raw milk are Campylobacter, E.Coli, Salmonella, Listeria, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, etc. These bacterias cause diseases like gastrointestinal infection and serious diseases like bovine tuberculosis. And if the cow itself is sick and not kept in a hygienic condition, it becomes a host of many other infectious diseases.

As much as raw milk advocates say about the benefits of probiotics, FDA says otherwise. Consuming raw milk is not safe. You should ALWAYS consume milk after pasteurizing it.

But are the pasteurized milk available in the market good for your health? No.

Pre-pasteurized milk available in the market is over-heated, skimmed, toned, and devoid of every necessary nutrient you could take from milk. And most Indians prefer drinking lukewarm milk. Although milk is pasteurized over and over, our gentle mothers will heat the milk before pouring it into a glass. Unfortunately, the milk you are consuming is nothing more than a hot beverage. It has nothing good left in it.

Which is better raw milk or pasteurized milk? If you are buying pasteurized milk from the market, consume it without heating. It tastes weird to drink cold milk. But at least you will be able to get some benefits from the milk. If you like lukewarm milk before bed or before starting your day, switch to raw milk, pasteurize it at home and consume the benefits of milk.

Read Also: What is A2 Ghee and Benefits

How to Pasteurize Milk at Home?

How to Pasteurize Milk at Home

What is pasteurized milk? According to FDA, ‘Pasteurization is a widely used process that kills harmful bacteria by heating milk to a specific temperature. for a set period of time’. Milk is heated at 161 degrees F for 15 seconds. Heating milk in this way kills the harmful bacterias and makes the milk safe for consumption. The problem with buying pasteurized milk is that you reheat the already pasteurized milk over and over, making milk useless for consumption. You can get raw milk and pasteurize it at home. Read below to know easy ways on how to pasteurize milk at home.

1. Heating over stove – Pasteurization method is not rocket science as it sounds. Louis Pasteur succeeded in pasteurizing by simply heating it with simple instruments. And all you need is your basic stove, heater, induction, or any heating device you use for cooking. You can get a simple thermometer measuring bit more than 161 degrees Fahrenheit. A regular thermometer for checking fever will not be of use for this method. And a lot of patience.

All you need to do is put milk in a pot over the stove. You cannot start the pasteurization method without milk, obviously. Start heating the milk. And don’t stay idle. You cannot leave the pot and start scrolling your social media page. You will need to have patience. The moment you take your eyes off, you will end up wasting a pot full of milk.

You will need to stir the milk slowly and constantly to keep the temperature constant all over. The bottom of the pot is hotter than the top of it. By stirring, you can avoid the milk from scorching and also from overflowing the top. You can add water to keep the temperature constant.

Let the temperature rise to 161 degrees Fahrenheit and let it stay for 15 seconds. Switch off the stove after 15 seconds.

The next step is to cool it down rapidly. You can use ice or water. You can fill a plate full of ice or a large bowl with water. Place the pot of milk covered with a lid over it. Doing this will rapidly cool the milk. Placing the hot milk inside the refrigerator will also work, but you will end up spoiling the rest of the food in the fridge. The hot milk will raise the temperature of the surroundings and spoil the rest of the food.

2. Double Boiler Method – Have you ever made a cake without an oven? The method where you take a large pot and fill it with sand. Then put a small bowl with cake dough and everything that you need on your cake. You can use a similar method to boil milk. Instead of sand, you can use water. Take a large pot, fill it half with water. Place a smaller pot with milk inside it. You can use a regular stove or any stove you have. In this method, you need to stir but not as constant as the previous method. After reaching 161 degrees Fahrenheit, maintain the temperature for 15 seconds and switch off the stove. Cool the milk rapidly by using ice or water.

3. Heating milk without a thermometer – It’s a crude method for pasteurizing milk at home but works if you don’t have a thermometer. Put a pot of milk over medium heat. Keep stirring the milk to maintain a uniform temperature. When little bubbles come up, don’t switch off and maintain the state for some more time. When large bubbles start coming up, switch off the stove. Cool it rapidly using ice or water.