Everything You Need To Know About Lettuce

Everything You Need To Know About Lettuce

Summary: If you are planning to add lettuce to your diet, here is all you need to know about it.

Lettuce is a leafy vegetable of the Daisy family and makes up for an important ingredient of certain foods. It’s nearly impossible to relish a hearty salad, sandwich, or burger without some crunchy lettuce leaves, it certainly enhances the taste and looks of the food. But what do we know about lettuce?

Lettuce resembles a lot with cabbage but has a better taste and far more health benefits than it.  In this article, we are going to talk about lettuce and its benefits to human health. Keep reading. 

Origin of Lettuce:

This green leafy vegetable was first cultivated by the ancient Egyptians. Earlier the seeds of lettuce were used to extract oil. However, later it was changed as Egyptians started cultivating lettuce for its leaves which holds ample nutrition. Later, Greeks, Romans, and other civilizations came to know about the nutritional value of lettuce and made it an integral part of their diet.

Types of Lettuce

Lettuces are of four varieties and the health benefits depend on the type of lettuce a person is consuming.

  1. Head Lettuce: Head lettuce has gotten its name from its shape i.e. round. This variety includes iceberg lettuce and butterhead lettuce; both of these are commonly sold in grocery stores.
  1. Leaf Lettuce: Leaf lettuce, like the name suggests, has a look of the stem. Some leaf lettuces are darker in color or have red leaves.
  1. Romaine Lettuce: Romaine lettuce is commonly sold in grocery stores. It is also an important ingredient in Caesar salad.
  1. Celtuce Lettuce: Celtuce lettuce is also known as Asparagus lettuce. This variety has a large stem and is more common in China.

Nutrient Content Per Cup

Each variety has different nutrient content. Have a look:

Chopped Iceberg Lettuce:

  • Calories: 10
  • Protein: 1 gram
  • Fat: 0 gram
  • Carbohydrates: 2 grams
  • Fiber: 1 gram
  • Sugar: 1 gram

Butterhead Lettuce:

  • Calories: 7
  • Protein: 1 gram
  • Fat: 0 gram
  • Carbohydrates: 1 gram
  • Fiber:  1 gram
  • Sugar: 1 gram

Red leaf Lettuce:

  • Calories: 4
  • Protein: 0 gram
  • Fat: 0 gram
  • Carbohydrates: 1 gram
  • Fiber:  0 gram
  • Sugar: 0 gram

Romaine Lettuce:

  • Calories: 8
  • Protein: 1 gram
  • Fat: 0 gram
  • Carbohydrates: 2 grams
  • Fiber:  1 gram
  • Sugar: 1 gram

Health Benefits of Lettuce

Lettuce has a lot of benefits on human health. Some of them are:

  1. Bone strength:

Lettuce is a rich source of Vitamin K which helps in making the bone stronger and also reduces the risk of bone fracture.

  1. Hydration:

Raw Lettuce contains 95% of water. Consuming lettuce can help in keeping the body hydrated. Therefore, it is said to add lettuce into your diet, especially in summer. 

  1. Improved vision:

Vitamin A in lettuce plays an important role in improving eye health. Vitamin A also reduces the risk of cataracts and helps in preventing macular degeneration.

  1. Improved sleep:

As per some studies, lettuce is also helpful in promoting sleep. However, this fact has not been proven completely yet. Further studies are being done to find out the exact thing.

  1. Relieves anxiety:

The neurological properties of lettuce are said to relieve anxiety in humans. Lettuce is also associated positively with our cognitive health.

  1. Antimicrobial agent:

The latex of lettuce has antimicrobial properties which deform the formation of yeast and other microbes completely.

  1. Antioxidant agent:

Lettuce has antioxidant properties which act as a barrier to free radicals. These radicals can attack healthy tissues, cells, and DNA and inhibit cellular metabolism.

  1. Lowers cholesterol level:

Lettuce is beneficial in lowering cholesterol levels which when increased can lead to cardiovascular diseases and other dangerous conditions.

To Conclude

Lettuce is a healthy vegetable with a lot of benefits. No allergic properties have been seen in it and being low in calories, you can easily consume it without having to worry about your health.

The nutrients rich content of lettuce makes it ideal to help the body fight various diseases and prevent the chance of infections. Therefore, you should not think twice before adding lettuce to your diet.